Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 758,441
2 Japan 149,882
3 China 113,617
4 Germany 100,635
5 United Kingdom 79,371
6 Netherlands 75,885
7 Canada 73,795
8 South Korea 52,621
9 Italy 48,100
10 Australia 41,889
11 Switzerland 35,302
12 Taiwan 29,874
13 France 29,491
14 Spain 28,109
15 Brazil 26,742
16 Sweden 14,431
17 Finland 10,224
18 Belgium 9,120
19 Iran 8,886
20 New Zealand 8,617

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach