Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 747,971
2 Japan 154,855
3 China 111,312
4 Germany 84,605
5 Netherlands 77,511
6 United Kingdom 76,239
7 Canada 66,714
8 South Korea 53,109
9 Italy 46,796
10 Australia 42,679
11 Switzerland 38,289
12 Taiwan 29,482
13 Spain 27,724
14 France 27,394
15 Brazil 23,610
16 Sweden 12,684
17 Finland 10,541
18 Belgium 9,766
19 New Zealand 8,583
20 Czech Republic 7,609

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach