Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 134,593
2 United Kingdom 40,230
3 Australia 29,438
4 Canada 13,549
5 China 11,451
6 Sweden 8,936
7 New Zealand 4,884
8 Ireland 4,569
9 South Africa 3,979
10 Turkey 2,957
11 Thailand 2,732
12 Indonesia 2,667
13 Malaysia 2,528
14 Iran 2,344
15 Singapore 2,331
16 Taiwan 2,297
17 Netherlands 2,244
18 Norway 2,117
19 Italy 2,037
20 South Korea 2,016

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach