Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 113,404
2 China 94,609
3 Australia 35,311
4 United Kingdom 33,715
5 Japan 23,296
6 South Korea 22,995
7 Switzerland 17,058
8 Canada 14,734
9 Spain 13,880
10 Italy 10,950
11 Taiwan 10,700
12 Germany 10,495
13 Turkey 9,691
14 Thailand 9,563
15 France 9,521
16 Colombia 8,319
17 Russia 6,854
18 Netherlands 6,577
19 Brazil 6,151
20 Hong Kong 5,778

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach