Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,144,257
2 United Kingdom 106,873
3 Australia 96,309
4 Canada 66,568
5 Ireland 12,250
6 China 12,100
7 Netherlands 9,205
8 New Zealand 8,850
9 Turkey 7,410
10 Indonesia 7,023
11 Sweden 6,915
12 Finland 6,042
13 South Africa 5,736
14 Thailand 5,334
15 Philippines 4,526
16 Malaysia 4,312
17 Hong Kong 4,013
18 South Korea 3,905
19 Taiwan 2,887
20 Singapore 2,862

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach