Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 529,223
2 United States 206,229
3 India 94,204
4 United Kingdom 88,351
5 Brazil 82,743
6 South Korea 60,447
7 Australia 56,957
8 Thailand 56,268
9 Turkey 55,341
10 Italy 51,183
11 Canada 48,983
12 Japan 47,050
13 Netherlands 46,265
14 Spain 45,754
15 Germany 42,959
16 Taiwan 40,526
17 France 30,761
18 Malaysia 30,104
19 Indonesia 24,956
20 Colombia 23,594

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach