Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 113,002
2 United Kingdom 40,380
3 China 39,872
4 Australia 26,220
5 Brazil 22,298
6 Canada 16,843
7 Turkey 11,198
8 Thailand 9,505
9 Colombia 9,261
10 Spain 9,109
11 South Korea 7,950
12 France 7,740
13 Netherlands 7,588
14 Japan 7,574
15 Taiwan 7,454
16 Germany 6,944
17 Italy 6,740
18 Mexico 6,636
19 Sweden 5,788
20 Saudi Arabia 5,747

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach