Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 760,001
2 China 313,547
3 United Kingdom 171,855
4 India 110,405
5 Australia 101,569
6 Germany 96,917
7 Canada 83,258
8 South Korea 71,679
9 Netherlands 59,436
10 Taiwan 52,354
11 Spain 41,409
12 Brazil 41,049
13 Japan 40,680
14 France 39,670
15 Malaysia 37,854
16 Italy 35,753
17 Turkey 34,728
18 Switzerland 32,465
19 Iran 30,031
20 Thailand 26,176

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach