Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 772,906
2 China 286,118
3 United Kingdom 167,574
4 India 116,672
5 Australia 97,943
6 Germany 93,371
7 Canada 83,529
8 South Korea 62,415
9 Netherlands 55,858
10 Taiwan 50,548
11 Brazil 41,840
12 Spain 40,053
13 Malaysia 39,754
14 France 38,403
15 Japan 37,990
16 Iran 35,188
17 Italy 34,033
18 Switzerland 31,626
19 Turkey 31,453
20 Thailand 27,655

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach