Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 162,127
2 United States 141,981
3 Brazil 49,039
4 Canada 37,871
5 United Kingdom 36,635
6 South Korea 26,033
7 India 24,608
8 Japan 24,315
9 Australia 20,142
10 France 18,922
11 Turkey 17,295
12 Portugal 16,629
13 Spain 16,073
14 Italy 15,714
15 Germany 14,944
16 Mexico 13,953
17 Taiwan 13,001
18 Thailand 12,447
19 Russia 8,510
20 Norway 8,445

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach