Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 197,794
2 United States 139,495
3 Brazil 51,355
4 United Kingdom 40,850
5 Canada 40,600
6 South Korea 29,980
7 Japan 26,841
8 India 22,370
9 Turkey 20,986
10 Australia 20,649
11 France 20,176
12 Portugal 18,199
13 Spain 17,946
14 Italy 17,691
15 Taiwan 13,917
16 Germany 13,307
17 Mexico 13,252
18 Thailand 10,206
19 Belgium 9,155
20 Norway 8,924

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach