Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 982,718
2 India 287,171
3 United States 192,165
4 United Kingdom 87,178
5 Turkey 78,011
6 South Korea 73,931
7 Japan 54,377
8 Taiwan 52,413
9 Brazil 45,072
10 Canada 41,007
11 Germany 39,858
12 France 39,428
13 Australia 38,156
14 Italy 35,276
15 Malaysia 31,855
16 Thailand 27,692
17 Russia 23,784
18 Spain 22,374
19 Poland 21,178
20 Portugal 17,940

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach