Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 409,321
2 Canada 173,298
3 Australia 111,555
4 Netherlands 103,303
5 United Kingdom 94,594
6 Japan 88,499
7 South Korea 54,299
8 China 49,732
9 Brazil 47,292
10 Taiwan 43,462
11 Switzerland 34,847
12 Sweden 31,528
13 Singapore 28,445
14 Hong Kong 24,742
15 Germany 19,512
16 Norway 18,882
17 Italy 17,178
18 Belgium 16,558
19 New Zealand 14,318
20 Spain 14,060

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach