Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 389,305
2 Canada 159,698
3 Netherlands 102,491
4 Australia 96,616
5 United Kingdom 85,800
6 Japan 73,850
7 Brazil 57,828
8 South Korea 44,477
9 China 39,220
10 Taiwan 34,232
11 Sweden 32,250
12 Switzerland 28,281
13 Singapore 25,279
14 Germany 19,331
15 Hong Kong 19,155
16 Norway 16,428
17 Belgium 13,885
18 Italy 13,541
19 New Zealand 13,286
20 Spain 12,195

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach