Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 371,670
2 China 242,139
3 United Kingdom 98,153
4 Japan 75,408
5 Germany 52,226
6 France 48,377
7 Italy 44,697
8 Australia 40,584
9 Canada 40,321
10 South Korea 37,202
11 Netherlands 35,523
12 Switzerland 35,500
13 Turkey 26,365
14 Spain 25,006
15 Brazil 23,417
16 Taiwan 19,698
17 Sweden 17,250
18 Mexico 15,463
19 Belgium 14,532
20 Iran 12,026

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach