Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,214,601
2 United Kingdom 216,959
3 Australia 183,013
4 Canada 142,111
5 China 83,961
6 Netherlands 45,483
7 Turkey 32,166
8 Spain 29,412
9 Malaysia 28,989
10 Thailand 25,527
11 Brazil 25,335
12 New Zealand 24,164
13 Indonesia 23,497
14 Taiwan 21,741
15 South Korea 20,088
16 Germany 19,743
17 Sweden 18,938
18 Ireland 18,825
19 South Africa 18,054
20 Japan 16,460

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach