Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,202,424
2 United Kingdom 216,594
3 Australia 183,621
4 Canada 139,477
5 China 72,972
6 Netherlands 45,522
7 Turkey 36,531
8 Malaysia 28,798
9 Spain 25,276
10 Brazil 24,975
11 Indonesia 24,269
12 New Zealand 23,416
13 Thailand 23,123
14 South Korea 20,503
15 Ireland 20,064
16 Taiwan 19,257
17 Germany 18,884
18 Sweden 18,802
19 Japan 17,852
20 South Africa 17,161

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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