Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 34,299
2 United Kingdom 25,318
3 China 14,351
4 Australia 11,582
5 Malaysia 6,686
6 Indonesia 6,557
7 Canada 5,837
8 Germany 4,314
9 Spain 3,845
10 Netherlands 3,734
11 Turkey 3,546
12 Thailand 3,071
13 South Africa 2,881
14 India 2,755
15 Taiwan 2,694
16 Russia 2,639
17 Philippines 2,114
18 Belgium 1,924
19 Colombia 1,821
20 South Korea 1,814

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.