Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 32,685
2 United Kingdom 22,509
3 China 12,612
4 Australia 10,335
5 Malaysia 6,344
6 Indonesia 5,905
7 Canada 5,376
8 Germany 4,252
9 Netherlands 3,299
10 Spain 3,106
11 Turkey 3,074
12 Thailand 2,926
13 Taiwan 2,728
14 India 2,616
15 South Africa 2,575
16 Russia 2,175
17 Philippines 1,781
18 Colombia 1,639
19 South Korea 1,518
20 Brazil 1,507

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.