Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 163,968
2 China 109,912
3 Japan 37,333
4 United Kingdom 33,538
5 Germany 26,794
6 South Korea 25,271
7 India 20,274
8 Taiwan 16,673
9 Italy 16,352
10 Canada 14,506
11 Australia 11,196
12 Switzerland 10,907
13 France 10,144
14 Poland 8,834
15 Netherlands 8,478
16 Russia 7,962
17 Spain 7,954
18 Brazil 5,607
19 Turkey 5,368
20 Iran 5,017

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach