Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 54,104
2 United States 35,689
3 China 34,875
4 Australia 17,953
5 Malaysia 14,557
6 Taiwan 13,618
7 Turkey 11,250
8 Thailand 6,796
9 Indonesia 6,767
10 Hong Kong 6,684
11 Canada 6,403
12 South Africa 6,328
13 Netherlands 4,850
14 New Zealand 4,591
15 Spain 4,588
16 South Korea 4,231
17 Philippines 4,075
18 Portugal 3,736
19 Iran 3,345
20 Russia 2,863

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach