Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 258,016
2 China 215,294
3 United Kingdom 151,293
4 Australia 74,948
5 Germany 53,809
6 Canada 51,375
7 Turkey 50,713
8 Japan 42,184
9 Italy 41,062
10 Netherlands 41,036
11 France 39,191
12 Spain 36,511
13 South Korea 35,659
14 Belgium 32,747
15 Russia 24,831
16 Brazil 23,831
17 Taiwan 23,669
18 Denmark 21,147
19 Switzerland 17,616
20 Mexico 14,064

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach