Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 258,277
2 China 198,571
3 United Kingdom 145,657
4 Australia 76,583
5 Germany 54,968
6 Canada 50,171
7 Turkey 47,466
8 Italy 44,913
9 France 38,790
10 Netherlands 38,077
11 Japan 36,471
12 Spain 35,335
13 South Korea 32,774
14 Belgium 31,001
15 Brazil 25,963
16 Russia 25,761
17 Taiwan 23,754
18 Denmark 20,718
19 Switzerland 15,835
20 India 15,732

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach