Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 585,639
2 United Kingdom 222,941
3 Australia 124,603
4 Canada 87,188
5 Netherlands 50,706
6 China 44,400
7 Turkey 37,582
8 Germany 28,571
9 Italy 27,711
10 Spain 22,884
11 Brazil 21,030
12 South Korea 18,324
13 Malaysia 17,130
14 France 16,714
15 Belgium 14,221
16 Israel 14,142
17 Sweden 13,044
18 Japan 12,641
19 New Zealand 12,515
20 Switzerland 9,928

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach