Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 566,842
2 United Kingdom 235,644
3 Australia 123,880
4 Canada 87,777
5 Netherlands 52,844
6 Turkey 44,416
7 China 43,685
8 Italy 28,534
9 Germany 26,368
10 Spain 24,666
11 Brazil 19,807
12 South Korea 18,376
13 France 17,044
14 Malaysia 16,096
15 Israel 14,236
16 Belgium 13,546
17 Japan 12,850
18 New Zealand 12,644
19 Sweden 12,133
20 Ireland 10,101

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach