Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 71,092
2 China 47,233
3 United Kingdom 29,044
4 Germany 24,290
5 Japan 19,088
6 Brazil 18,858
7 Australia 11,765
8 Canada 9,292
9 France 8,434
10 Italy 7,631
11 Mexico 6,068
12 Russia 5,970
13 Spain 5,154
14 Poland 4,909
15 India 4,625
16 South Korea 4,570
17 Thailand 4,379
18 Taiwan 4,009
19 Sweden 3,877
20 Colombia 3,690

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach