Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 70,680
2 China 47,534
3 Germany 27,023
4 United Kingdom 25,548
5 Brazil 19,526
6 Japan 18,303
7 Australia 10,946
8 Canada 8,989
9 France 7,676
10 Russia 7,383
11 Italy 7,023
12 Mexico 6,410
13 Poland 5,542
14 India 5,108
15 Thailand 4,932
16 Taiwan 4,559
17 Spain 4,478
18 Colombia 4,013
19 South Korea 3,897
20 Sweden 3,652

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach