Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 141,508
2 United Kingdom 81,805
3 Australia 28,844
4 Canada 18,074
5 Spain 17,884
6 Japan 16,050
7 Switzerland 11,855
8 Italy 9,833
9 Belgium 9,189
10 China 9,035
11 Brazil 8,287
12 Russia 7,875
13 France 7,853
14 Netherlands 7,762
15 New Zealand 7,179
16 Austria 6,741
17 Sweden 6,732
18 Taiwan 5,887
19 Finland 5,022
20 Ireland 4,584

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach