Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 84,989
2 United Kingdom 66,985
3 Australia 55,467
4 China 49,600
5 Netherlands 39,523
6 Indonesia 29,720
7 Germany 24,666
8 Malaysia 17,713
9 Finland 14,205
10 Sweden 13,427
11 Brazil 12,461
12 Taiwan 10,926
13 South Africa 10,078
14 Turkey 10,038
15 Canada 9,940
16 New Zealand 9,543
17 Thailand 8,366
18 Egypt 8,122
19 Iran 7,884
20 Italy 7,659

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach