Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 90,744
2 United Kingdom 74,405
3 Australia 55,820
4 China 52,980
5 Netherlands 43,159
6 Indonesia 29,819
7 Germany 25,486
8 Malaysia 17,748
9 Finland 16,123
10 Sweden 16,061
11 Brazil 13,251
12 Canada 11,364
13 Turkey 10,967
14 New Zealand 10,715
15 South Africa 10,301
16 Taiwan 10,139
17 Italy 9,571
18 Egypt 9,192
19 Portugal 9,037
20 France 7,210

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach