Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 251,296
2 China 200,044
3 United Kingdom 78,299
4 Japan 52,855
5 South Korea 50,413
6 Germany 34,624
7 Canada 34,060
8 Australia 30,387
9 Italy 26,988
10 Taiwan 26,895
11 France 26,165
12 Netherlands 21,782
13 Switzerland 19,686
14 Russia 19,418
15 Spain 17,429
16 Brazil 16,822
17 Turkey 15,832
18 Belgium 10,863
19 Ireland 10,264
20 Thailand 10,233

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach