Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 245,711
2 China 196,469
3 United Kingdom 75,016
4 Japan 49,172
5 South Korea 48,703
6 Germany 35,116
7 Canada 32,207
8 Taiwan 28,704
9 Australia 28,533
10 Italy 27,954
11 France 25,193
12 Netherlands 20,455
13 Russia 18,070
14 Switzerland 17,174
15 Spain 16,587
16 Brazil 16,128
17 Turkey 14,769
18 Thailand 10,231
19 Belgium 9,642
20 Ireland 8,869

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach