Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 238,751
2 China 189,234
3 United Kingdom 70,251
4 South Korea 46,795
5 Japan 45,359
6 Germany 35,302
7 Canada 31,380
8 Italy 28,972
9 Taiwan 27,753
10 France 25,960
11 Australia 24,934
12 Russia 18,702
13 Netherlands 18,100
14 Brazil 17,811
15 Switzerland 15,637
16 Spain 15,575
17 Turkey 14,273
18 Thailand 10,277
19 Belgium 9,195
20 Sweden 8,776

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach