Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 140,626
2 China 119,757
3 United Kingdom 53,374
4 Germany 32,840
5 France 28,242
6 Australia 23,907
7 Japan 20,401
8 Canada 19,595
9 Brazil 15,585
10 India 14,867
11 South Korea 14,395
12 Norway 12,522
13 Netherlands 11,883
14 Italy 10,945
15 Taiwan 10,927
16 Spain 9,667
17 Russia 9,166
18 Mexico 5,801
19 Portugal 5,327
20 Indonesia 5,090

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach