Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 181,037
2 United Kingdom 155,474
3 United States 91,651
4 Australia 90,674
5 Malaysia 53,391
6 Turkey 51,931
7 Indonesia 44,941
8 Taiwan 40,340
9 South Korea 28,985
10 Portugal 27,150
11 Netherlands 26,435
12 Spain 24,079
13 Thailand 23,815
14 Hong Kong 21,464
15 Canada 20,800
16 Macao 18,520
17 New Zealand 16,861
18 India 14,476
19 Italy 14,177
20 South Africa 13,222

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.