Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 120,029
2 Australia 84,294
3 United States 50,815
4 China 48,176
5 Indonesia 25,361
6 Malaysia 22,426
7 Netherlands 21,045
8 Taiwan 17,082
9 Germany 16,440
10 Turkey 14,910
11 New Zealand 14,236
12 Thailand 13,689
13 Canada 11,770
14 India 10,885
15 Sweden 9,815
16 Iran 9,744
17 South Africa 7,799
18 Brazil 7,321
19 South Korea 7,267
20 Pakistan 6,919

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach