Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 354,486
2 United States 307,954
3 Australia 176,557
4 China 70,057
5 Canada 68,485
6 Germany 39,294
7 New Zealand 35,038
8 Netherlands 28,394
9 Malaysia 27,153
10 Turkey 24,399
11 Taiwan 23,805
12 South Korea 19,212
13 Iran 18,964
14 Portugal 17,094
15 France 16,706
16 Sweden 16,275
17 Japan 16,040
18 South Africa 15,751
19 Spain 15,526
20 Thailand 15,202

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach