Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 790,385
2 United States 674,566
3 Australia 616,393
4 Canada 183,050
5 China 133,549
6 Japan 76,699
7 Netherlands 75,149
8 Spain 71,727
9 Ireland 62,222
10 Germany 61,408
11 Brazil 59,527
12 New Zealand 55,645
13 Turkey 51,025
14 France 43,903
15 Sweden 40,584
16 Taiwan 39,733
17 South Korea 39,510
18 Italy 39,236
19 Belgium 38,919
20 Norway 31,018

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach