Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Germany 20,131
2 Switzerland 2,262
3 Austria 1,729
4 China 1,690
5 United States 1,660
6 Australia 546
7 Canada 545
8 United Kingdom 485
9 Netherlands 336
10 France 278
11 Turkey 251
12 Brazil 189
13 Italy 157
14 Norway 154
15 Spain 153
16 Belgium 145
17 South Korea 143
18 Colombia 139
19 Ireland 134
20 Poland 134

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach