Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 360,923
2 India 232,953
3 United States 81,204
4 Turkey 63,285
5 South Korea 45,332
6 United Kingdom 32,767
7 Taiwan 30,537
8 Malaysia 27,709
9 Canada 23,177
10 Thailand 20,311
11 Australia 15,044
12 Brazil 13,732
13 France 13,160
14 Spain 12,538
15 Japan 12,401
16 Germany 12,065
17 Iran 11,658
18 Italy 11,195
19 Mexico 8,914
20 Russia 8,865

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach