Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 66,977
2 China 59,770
3 United Kingdom 29,399
4 Brazil 26,389
5 Australia 18,108
6 Germany 17,772
7 Canada 14,593
8 France 12,739
9 Spain 12,574
10 Mexico 8,690
11 Switzerland 8,266
12 Japan 7,514
13 Netherlands 7,380
14 South Africa 7,357
15 Czech Republic 6,756
16 Italy 6,739
17 India 5,262
18 New Zealand 5,042
19 Colombia 4,579
20 Belgium 4,446

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach