Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 149,076
2 China 113,340
3 Japan 54,506
4 United Kingdom 31,761
5 South Korea 28,509
6 Italy 25,406
7 Germany 19,349
8 Australia 18,933
9 Netherlands 16,502
10 Canada 12,300
11 France 10,891
12 Spain 10,371
13 Turkey 9,606
14 Taiwan 9,589
15 Russia 9,073
16 Brazil 9,018
17 Sweden 8,363
18 India 7,749
19 Switzerland 7,698
20 Hungary 6,695

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach