Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 35,112
2 Brazil 15,677
3 United Kingdom 14,674
4 Australia 14,300
5 Russia 11,637
6 China 8,883
7 Canada 7,043
8 Turkey 6,673
9 Spain 5,788
10 Thailand 4,283
11 Colombia 4,097
12 Netherlands 3,603
13 South Korea 3,476
14 Belgium 3,287
15 Japan 3,287
16 Taiwan 2,833
17 France 2,561
18 Italy 2,429
19 Malaysia 2,274
20 New Zealand 2,053

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach