Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 49,379
2 United Kingdom 23,807
3 Australia 22,025
4 Brazil 20,009
5 Russia 14,120
6 China 13,205
7 Turkey 10,464
8 Canada 10,373
9 Spain 8,701
10 Colombia 5,238
11 Netherlands 5,185
12 South Korea 5,157
13 Thailand 4,953
14 Belgium 4,909
15 Japan 4,815
16 Taiwan 4,223
17 Italy 3,912
18 France 3,834
19 Malaysia 3,245
20 New Zealand 3,194

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach