Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 817,199
2 China 253,521
3 United Kingdom 230,170
4 Australia 196,830
5 Canada 161,342
6 Japan 91,233
7 Netherlands 77,434
8 South Korea 71,652
9 Italy 59,031
10 Taiwan 52,322
11 Germany 48,262
12 France 47,661
13 Brazil 47,311
14 Turkey 43,583
15 Switzerland 37,357
16 Spain 37,126
17 Hong Kong 32,872
18 Sweden 32,728
19 Belgium 28,838
20 Thailand 26,580

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach