Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 866,650
2 China 289,340
3 United Kingdom 265,940
4 Australia 229,635
5 Canada 179,967
6 Japan 100,142
7 Netherlands 87,186
8 South Korea 75,723
9 Italy 63,974
10 Taiwan 54,675
11 Turkey 53,546
12 France 50,635
13 Brazil 49,773
14 Switzerland 44,286
15 Germany 44,099
16 Spain 43,226
17 Hong Kong 39,221
18 Sweden 35,750
19 Belgium 31,623
20 Norway 29,121

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach