Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 187,775
2 China 150,425
3 United Kingdom 124,987
4 Canada 71,838
5 Australia 67,936
6 Germany 66,055
7 Indonesia 57,926
8 Netherlands 48,982
9 Sweden 36,598
10 Finland 36,474
11 Japan 32,585
12 Brazil 28,939
13 Malaysia 21,672
14 Thailand 20,366
15 France 20,330
16 Italy 19,628
17 South Korea 19,037
18 Turkey 18,498
19 South Africa 18,351
20 India 18,249

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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