Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 201,606
2 China 171,257
3 United Kingdom 143,110
4 Canada 76,412
5 Australia 70,210
6 Germany 63,455
7 Indonesia 61,453
8 Netherlands 55,246
9 Sweden 41,081
10 Finland 40,923
11 Japan 33,976
12 Brazil 32,005
13 Italy 23,885
14 France 23,311
15 Malaysia 21,794
16 South Korea 20,204
17 Turkey 19,268
18 Thailand 18,805
19 South Africa 18,468
20 Switzerland 17,333

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach