Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 215,967
2 United States 80,080
3 India 45,063
4 Japan 44,608
5 South Korea 38,882
6 United Kingdom 36,128
7 Taiwan 22,263
8 Germany 18,930
9 Brazil 18,426
10 Australia 14,914
11 Italy 14,230
12 Canada 13,944
13 Spain 12,856
14 France 12,407
15 Turkey 11,531
16 Russia 10,737
17 Mexico 10,265
18 Poland 9,444
19 Malaysia 9,220
20 Thailand 8,772

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach