Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,463,161
2 United States 461,051
3 South Korea 309,178
4 Japan 224,851
5 Germany 150,040
6 United Kingdom 137,789
7 India 137,611
8 Taiwan 116,204
9 Canada 81,937
10 France 71,978
11 Australia 66,807
12 Brazil 55,447
13 Turkey 50,113
14 Spain 49,084
15 Poland 44,177
16 Russia 43,397
17 Italy 39,874
18 Hong Kong 32,575
19 Thailand 32,547
20 Netherlands 31,352

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach