Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,525,849
2 United States 479,550
3 South Korea 302,705
4 Japan 226,608
5 Germany 154,443
6 India 147,840
7 United Kingdom 142,050
8 Taiwan 114,747
9 Canada 86,113
10 France 74,516
11 Australia 67,596
12 Brazil 63,781
13 Turkey 53,333
14 Spain 49,457
15 Russia 47,708
16 Poland 43,405
17 Italy 38,610
18 Thailand 37,002
19 Mexico 30,222
20 Hong Kong 29,656

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach