Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 776,580
2 United States 172,674
3 India 131,193
4 Japan 82,507
5 United Kingdom 59,597
6 South Korea 55,014
7 Germany 46,940
8 Turkey 40,891
9 Russia 39,898
10 Brazil 39,143
11 Taiwan 28,406
12 Spain 28,062
13 Thailand 27,455
14 Canada 24,568
15 France 24,101
16 Australia 21,029
17 Switzerland 19,402
18 Poland 18,117
19 Mexico 15,290
20 Iran 14,994

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach