Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 22,708
2 China 19,648
3 United Kingdom 11,345
4 Germany 5,580
5 Japan 4,465
6 France 4,204
7 Italy 4,168
8 India 3,318
9 Australia 3,142
10 Canada 2,808
11 Netherlands 2,701
12 Spain 2,669
13 South Korea 2,484
14 Russia 1,980
15 Turkey 1,419
16 Ireland 1,391
17 Mexico 1,373
18 Switzerland 1,317
19 Brazil 1,283
20 South Africa 1,205

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach