Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 260,526
2 China 253,455
3 United Kingdom 64,517
4 Germany 57,432
5 Japan 55,481
6 France 37,312
7 South Korea 33,614
8 Switzerland 31,174
9 Canada 30,841
10 Netherlands 27,338
11 Brazil 22,997
12 India 22,140
13 Australia 21,893
14 Taiwan 20,471
15 Italy 19,519
16 Russia 17,026
17 Spain 13,891
18 Austria 13,664
19 Czech Republic 11,661
20 Poland 11,097

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach