Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 259,179
2 China 243,219
3 United Kingdom 65,679
4 Germany 63,377
5 Japan 53,661
6 France 37,051
7 Canada 31,870
8 Switzerland 31,138
9 South Korea 30,384
10 Netherlands 26,133
11 Brazil 24,726
12 India 22,868
13 Australia 22,285
14 Italy 18,699
15 Russia 18,513
16 Taiwan 17,943
17 Austria 13,930
18 Spain 13,382
19 Poland 11,988
20 Czech Republic 11,562

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach