Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 265,184
2 China 232,790
3 Germany 73,846
4 United Kingdom 73,032
5 Japan 52,619
6 France 37,228
7 Canada 32,224
8 Switzerland 31,249
9 Brazil 29,952
10 South Korea 29,342
11 India 25,639
12 Netherlands 24,887
13 Russia 23,667
14 Australia 22,163
15 Italy 18,974
16 Taiwan 18,398
17 Turkey 17,278
18 Austria 14,436
19 Spain 13,235
20 Poland 12,647

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach