Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 524,751
2 United States 198,217
3 India 137,902
4 Japan 80,536
5 South Korea 68,576
6 Turkey 63,401
7 Taiwan 60,776
8 Germany 60,081
9 United Kingdom 51,202
10 Russia 41,616
11 Brazil 39,883
12 France 29,465
13 Iran 28,059
14 Mexico 27,067
15 Canada 26,918
16 Thailand 26,308
17 Malaysia 23,611
18 Italy 20,960
19 Australia 20,856
20 Switzerland 19,201

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach