Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 19,756,362
2 United States 2,056,459
3 South Korea 1,587,515
4 India 802,602
5 United Kingdom 733,329
6 Taiwan 667,154
7 Japan 657,030
8 Brazil 557,487
9 Canada 500,603
10 Australia 487,454
11 Turkey 474,342
12 Malaysia 386,638
13 Spain 383,515
14 Thailand 325,132
15 France 293,407
16 Italy 278,247
17 Germany 257,101
18 Iran 238,650
19 Hong Kong 224,953
20 Netherlands 213,390

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach