Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 13,201,930
2 United States 1,688,518
3 South Korea 1,026,000
4 India 687,989
5 United Kingdom 607,834
6 Japan 531,064
7 Brazil 521,603
8 Taiwan 478,965
9 Australia 402,102
10 Canada 402,070
11 Turkey 400,537
12 Malaysia 380,568
13 Thailand 365,818
14 Spain 321,459
15 Iran 285,418
16 Germany 263,932
17 France 246,999
18 Russia 232,144
19 Italy 223,142
20 Mexico 212,395

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach