Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,780,705
2 United States 548,376
3 South Korea 263,569
4 India 237,409
5 Brazil 208,774
6 United Kingdom 205,195
7 Malaysia 193,893
8 Japan 187,905
9 Taiwan 187,832
10 Turkey 175,736
11 Australia 153,362
12 Canada 147,364
13 Thailand 124,742
14 Iran 117,266
15 Spain 112,700
16 France 101,027
17 Russia 98,595
18 Germany 95,322
19 Netherlands 83,075
20 Mexico 71,032

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach