Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 480,615
2 United States 159,371
3 South Korea 70,879
4 Japan 67,821
5 India 60,217
6 Turkey 59,326
7 United Kingdom 52,416
8 Brazil 42,892
9 Taiwan 42,875
10 Germany 34,798
11 Thailand 32,502
12 France 28,484
13 Canada 27,119
14 Russia 26,973
15 Malaysia 22,910
16 Australia 22,842
17 Italy 21,420
18 Poland 21,177
19 Spain 20,908
20 Iran 18,661

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach