Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 326,122
2 China 244,625
3 United Kingdom 184,000
4 Australia 144,276
5 Germany 82,833
6 Netherlands 64,766
7 Canada 62,140
8 Taiwan 37,427
9 Japan 36,942
10 Malaysia 35,570
11 Turkey 32,960
12 South Korea 31,834
13 France 27,036
14 India 26,407
15 Italy 26,182
16 Sweden 22,943
17 Indonesia 22,198
18 Brazil 21,241
19 Thailand 20,228
20 Iran 19,549

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach