Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 280,968
2 China 192,855
3 United Kingdom 154,062
4 Australia 131,601
5 Germany 78,578
6 Netherlands 55,697
7 Canada 52,895
8 Taiwan 34,587
9 Malaysia 33,704
10 Japan 32,338
11 Turkey 28,662
12 South Korea 26,292
13 France 24,190
14 India 23,034
15 Italy 22,233
16 Sweden 21,326
17 Brazil 19,632
18 Indonesia 18,529
19 Thailand 17,725
20 Spain 16,988

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach