Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 346,425
2 China 291,783
3 United Kingdom 204,651
4 Australia 149,934
5 Germany 83,307
6 Netherlands 75,054
7 Canada 69,147
8 Taiwan 42,750
9 Japan 40,473
10 South Korea 37,216
11 Malaysia 35,671
12 Turkey 33,873
13 France 29,330
14 India 29,051
15 Italy 26,906
16 Indonesia 25,140
17 Spain 21,254
18 Thailand 20,976
19 Sweden 20,303
20 New Zealand 20,186

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach