Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 585,921
2 United States 242,404
3 India 119,930
4 Brazil 115,744
5 United Kingdom 104,971
6 Thailand 80,750
7 South Korea 78,974
8 Japan 74,100
9 Germany 65,626
10 Turkey 61,834
11 Malaysia 61,619
12 Mexico 57,843
13 Canada 56,584
14 Taiwan 53,611
15 Spain 49,782
16 Australia 44,736
17 Colombia 44,732
18 Russia 41,043
19 France 39,086
20 Netherlands 33,098

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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