Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 621,440
2 United States 247,211
3 United Kingdom 109,517
4 Brazil 108,705
5 India 106,778
6 South Korea 86,119
7 Japan 78,907
8 Turkey 64,353
9 Thailand 64,226
10 Germany 61,999
11 Canada 58,339
12 Malaysia 56,635
13 Taiwan 52,786
14 Mexico 52,075
15 Spain 52,062
16 Australia 46,071
17 Colombia 42,074
18 France 39,923
19 Netherlands 36,249
20 Italy 35,612

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach