Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 680,009
2 China 347,385
3 United Kingdom 265,726
4 Germany 145,701
5 France 98,717
6 Canada 94,291
7 Japan 79,694
8 India 75,590
9 Australia 69,067
10 Brazil 65,754
11 Netherlands 58,460
12 South Korea 52,232
13 Switzerland 49,690
14 Spain 49,349
15 Mexico 45,981
16 Italy 33,942
17 Russia 31,676
18 Taiwan 30,718
19 Belgium 27,248
20 Thailand 26,894

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach