Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 194,768
2 United States 91,112
3 United Kingdom 46,722
4 India 26,980
5 Germany 23,560
6 South Korea 19,922
7 Canada 19,368
8 Australia 19,302
9 Netherlands 19,056
10 Brazil 18,619
11 Italy 16,792
12 Turkey 16,476
13 France 16,252
14 Japan 12,219
15 Spain 10,262
16 Sweden 8,334
17 Taiwan 8,058
18 Malaysia 7,883
19 Norway 7,596
20 Switzerland 6,641

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach