Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 738,654
2 United States 279,086
3 United Kingdom 264,621
4 Australia 109,078
5 Netherlands 99,514
6 Taiwan 85,778
7 Germany 84,569
8 Turkey 81,683
9 India 68,175
10 South Korea 59,118
11 Canada 53,185
12 Thailand 49,966
13 Brazil 48,219
14 Iran 46,916
15 Hong Kong 46,500
16 Indonesia 43,207
17 France 39,848
18 Italy 36,623
19 Malaysia 34,807
20 Japan 29,831

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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