Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 90,039
2 China 60,366
3 Japan 22,635
4 United Kingdom 22,036
5 Netherlands 18,189
6 Germany 15,406
7 Canada 13,605
8 South Korea 13,542
9 Italy 12,660
10 India 12,584
11 Taiwan 9,512
12 Australia 8,109
13 France 7,062
14 Switzerland 6,471
15 Russia 5,418
16 Thailand 5,380
17 Mexico 4,931
18 Spain 4,918
19 Turkey 4,146
20 Brazil 4,110

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach