Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 101,417
2 China 70,150
3 Japan 28,252
4 Netherlands 25,434
5 United Kingdom 23,600
6 Germany 17,295
7 South Korea 16,888
8 Italy 15,335
9 India 14,762
10 Australia 10,433
11 Taiwan 9,169
12 Switzerland 8,322
13 France 8,121
14 Canada 7,442
15 Thailand 6,295
16 Russia 5,802
17 Spain 5,747
18 Turkey 5,034
19 Belgium 4,803
20 Brazil 4,218

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach