Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 572,897
2 United States 520,421
3 United Kingdom 250,940
4 Australia 182,431
5 India 122,882
6 Canada 114,767
7 Netherlands 105,453
8 Germany 102,176
9 Brazil 89,462
10 France 75,344
11 Italy 67,085
12 South Korea 59,022
13 Spain 57,367
14 Switzerland 48,140
15 Turkey 48,092
16 Japan 44,346
17 Russia 41,603
18 Iran 39,547
19 Indonesia 39,517
20 Taiwan 38,856

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach