Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 4,437,231
2 United States 2,823,219
3 United Kingdom 2,495,021
4 India 1,120,093
5 Australia 1,100,016
6 Malaysia 986,684
7 Turkey 917,541
8 Brazil 879,246
9 Canada 707,290
10 Germany 703,814
11 South Korea 650,803
12 Netherlands 587,469
13 Spain 532,173
14 Italy 523,086
15 Thailand 464,044
16 France 403,571
17 South Africa 398,269
18 Taiwan 387,722
19 Japan 382,501
20 Mexico 349,495

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach