Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 5,069,008
2 United States 2,956,019
3 United Kingdom 2,731,045
4 Australia 1,164,647
5 India 1,093,774
6 Turkey 983,553
7 Malaysia 930,130
8 Brazil 894,637
9 South Korea 760,064
10 Canada 755,353
11 Germany 681,622
12 Netherlands 666,996
13 Italy 583,641
14 Spain 574,516
15 France 430,008
16 Japan 420,445
17 South Africa 406,574
18 Taiwan 398,879
19 Thailand 373,656
20 Sweden 345,037

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach